Aruba, Bonaire and Curaçao form the ABC islands, 80 km (50 miles) off the coast of Venezuela. The island of Aruba is also a constituent country of the Kingdom located in the Caribbean. Roads are clear, beaches are clean, and more than 90% of the stores on Front Street are up and running. In legislation, the three islands are also known as Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba or the BES islands (an acronym of their names). BONAIRE, CARIBBEAN - MARCH 26, 2017 : Kralendijk waterfront, capital city of Bonaire view from cruise ship in the port. While Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands according to the Dutch Constitution, the Hague is the seat of its government. In addition to shopping, dining and entertainment, the island's capital city offers museums, a butterfly farm, art galleries, golf, historical sites and a marina. Netherlands Antilles; West IndiesEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Britannica Quiz. for stamps), but may also refer to all of the Caribbean islands within the Kingdom of … However, based on proximity, these islands are sometimes grouped with the Windward Islands culturally and politically. Officially the islands are classed in Dutch law as being openbare lichamen (literally translated as "public bodies") and not gemeenten (municipalities). ^ These three Dutch Caribbean territories form the SSS islands. Dutch citizens of these three islands are entitled to vote in Dutch national elections and (as all Dutch nationals) in European elections. The autonomy of the Netherlands Antilles' island territories was stipulated in the Islands Regulation of the Netherlands Antilles. This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:12. Usually grouped with Northern American countries based on proximity; occasionally grouped with the Caribbean region culturally. Sint Eustatius and Saba are in the main Lesser Antilles group and are located south of Sint Maarten and northwest of Saint Kitts and Nevis. … [23][24] The current director is Jan Helmond. Cruise port's namesake is the Rhine riverport in North Brabant (Holland) Willemstad. For many Dutch laws there is a special version for the Caribbean Netherlands. In Papiamentu, the town is often called Playa or "beach". [29] The review was conducted as part of the planned review of the Dutch "Act for the public bodies Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba" (Dutch: "Wet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba (WolBES)"), where the islands have been granted the option to become an OMR – and thus a direct part of the European Union. The Caribbean Netherlands has a population of 25,157 as of January 2019.[11]. Bonaire (including the islet of Klein Bonaire) is one of the Leeward Antilles and is located close to the coast of Venezuela. Sail to Kralendijk an island nestled in the Caribbean Netherlands where you can snorkel, kayak, or cruise on a catamaran all on your next Caribbean cruise with Norwegian Cruise Line. Sep 14, 2015 - Kralendijk : Food Keshi yena - Kralendijk is the capital city and main port of the island of Bonaire in the Caribbean Netherlands. It makes sense then that the country is the second-biggest beer exporter in the world, after Mexico. The term "Dutch Caribbean" may refer to the three special municipalities (e.g. For all of the Caribbean entities with constitutional links with the Netherlands, see. Utrecht feels like a small university town, but in reality, this city of 350,000 is the fourth … The northern half of the island – the Collectivity of Saint Martin – is an overseas territory of France. Share with email, with your team, or with a link. Otrobanda, or "The Other Side," is a maze of twisting residential streets, contrasting with the organized grid across the bay. The island's colonization by the Netherlands shows in Oranjestad's Dutch colonial architecture, while the buildings' bright colors are distinctly Caribbean. * These three Dutch Caribbean territories form the BES islands. [30] In October 2015, the review concluded the present legal structures for governance and integration with European Netherlands was not working well within the framework of WolBES, but no recommendations were made in regards of whether a switch from OCT to OMR status would help improve this situation.[31][32][33][34]. There are three Caribbean islands that are countries (Dutch: landen) within the Kingdom of the Netherlands: Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten. The telephone country code remains 599, that of the former Netherlands Antilles, and is shared with Curaçao. The islands have an arid climate that attracts visitors seeking warm, sunny weather all year round. The Caribbean Netherlands[8][9] (Dutch: Caribisch Nederland, pronounced [kaːˌribis ˈneːdərlɑnt]) are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea. Governments: 13 sovereign states; 2 overseas departments and 14 dependent territories, tied to the United Kingdom, France, Netherlands and the USA Largest Caribbean Cities: ( by metro population ) Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - 2,799,600 The Leeward Islands are warmer and drier than the Windward islands. In Dutch, Koralendijk (of which the name Kralendijk is a degeneration) means "coral reef" or "coral dike". those islands that have the status of being special municipalities of the Netherlands alone, as distinct from the Kingdom in its entirety. Initially the Netherlands Antilles consisted of four island territories: Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao and the Windward Islands. Netherlands Antilles facts: Official web sites of Nederlandse Antillen, links and information on Dutch Caribbean art, culture, geography, history, travel and tourism, cities, the capital city, airport, embassies, tourist boards and newspapers. The Netherlands is the fourth and largest constituent country in the Kingdom. The city is divided into two main sections with the St. Anna Bay between them. Saved from ncl.com. [12] At the same time, the islands of Curaçao and Sint Maarten became autonomous countries (Dutch: landen) within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The language spoken in the town is Papiamentu, but Dutch and English are widely used. They consist of the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba,[10][nb 1] although the term "Caribbean Netherlands" is sometimes used to refer to all of the islands in the Dutch Caribbean. The Netherlands is famous for many Dutch brews, which include many well-known brands such as Heineken, Grolsch, and Amstel. The three Caribbean islands that are special municipalities of the Netherlands alone are Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba. The Caribbean Netherlands form part of the Lesser Antilles. ", "Rijksdienst Carbische Nederland (Rijksdienst Dutch Caribbean)", "Partners for International Business (PIB)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dutch_Caribbean&oldid=998115881, Pages using flagicon template with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, those islands that have the status of being constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. The executive power rests with the Governing Council headed by an Island Governor. [19], The National Office for the Caribbean Netherlands (Dutch: Rijksdienst Caribisch Nederland) is responsible for taxation, policing, immigration, transport infrastructure, health, education, and social security in the islands and provides these services on behalf of the Government of the Netherlands. .bq is designated, but not in use, for the Caribbean Netherlands. A main draw of this Dutch island is Willemstad, the capital city. Its capital is Kralendijk, near the ocean on the lee side of the island. - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Special Municipalities. # Physiographically, Bermuda is an isolated oceanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean, not a part of the Antilles, West Indies, Caribbean, North American continental mainland or South American continental mainland. Haiti. Provinces. Cruises To Kralendijk | Bonaire Cruises. In 1954, the islands became the country (Dutch: Land) Netherlands Antilles (1954−2010). Currently, there are two main divisions in the Dutch Caribbean: There are three Caribbean islands that are countries (Dutch: landen) within the Kingdom of the Netherlands: Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten. Kralendijk capital city of Bonaire Kralendijk, the capital of Bonaire, offers the perfect mix of outdoor adventure, cosmopolitan chic and ultimate relaxation. Until 1 January 2011, the three islands used the Netherlands Antillean guilder; after that all three switched to the U.S. dollar, rather than the euro (which is used in the European Netherlands) or the Caribbean guilder (which is being adopted by the other two former Antillean islands of Curaçao and Sint Maarten).[35]. The language spoken in the town is Papiamentu, but Dutch and English are widely used. Islands and Archipelagos . Port au Prince is the capital city of Haiti Port of Spain is the capital city of Trinidad and Tobago Road Town is the capital city of Tortola, British Virgin Islands Roseau is the capital city of Dominica [27][28] The position of the islands was reviewed after a five-year transitional period, which began with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in October 2010. The special municipalities (Dutch: bijzondere gemeenten) carry many of the functions normally performed by Dutch municipalities. Area: 10,714 square miles (27,750 sq km) Population: 10,646,714. Historic center of Oranjestad, capital of St. Eustatius, Statia, Netherland Antilles, West Indies, Caribbean, Central America Discover profiles and create your own on Dissolve Creators™ . Within this island group: Map showing Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba, Relative distance between mainland Netherlands in Europe and the Caribbean Netherlands, The Caribbean BES islands are subdivisions of the country of the Netherlands and are therefore referred to as the "Caribbean Netherlands.". The Netherlands is the fourth and largest constituent country in the Kingdom. Unlike much of the Caribbean region, the ABC islands lie outside Hurricane Alley. Willemstad is a Southern Caribbean cruise port and the capital city of Curacao (Leeward Islands, Dutch Antiles) - an island country, one of the overseas territories of The Netherlands (Holland). While Hurricane Irma hit St. Maarten (and many other areas of the Caribbean) hard in the fall of 2017, as of January 2018, Philipsburg, the capital, is recovering quite nicely. [3][4] The Dutch Caribbean has a population of 337,617 as of January 2019.[1]. It features the massive Saint Servatius Church and Saint Jan’s Cathedral. The term "Dutch Caribbean" may refer to the three special municipalities (e.g. The Caribbean Netherlands and other countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands are completely separate. Footage This situation remained until the complete dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles as a unified political entity in 2010. Dutch Caribbean Coast Guard cutter. In summer, the Windward Islands can be subject to hurricanes. Now contained in Article 355(6) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Unlike normal municipalities, they do not form part of a Dutch province[17] and the powers normally exercised by provincial councils within municipalities are divided between the island governments themselves and the central government by means of the National Office for the Caribbean Netherlands. [26], The islands do not form part of the European Union and instead constitute "overseas countries and territories" (OCT status) of the Union, to which special provisions apply. The main democratic body is the island council. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Image of kralendijk, caribbean, antilles - 92059901 The capital of the country is Amsterdam.The Netherlands is a densely populated country, with 408 inhabitants per km2. At the same time, the islands of Curaçao and Sint Maarten became autonomous countries (Dutch: landen) within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. A Four-Bedroom Villa on the Coast of Bonaire $1.499 MILLION. This four-bedroom, Mediterranean-inspired villa sits just outside Kralendijk, the capital city of Bonaire, a Caribbean … The Dutch Caribbean (historically known as the Dutch West Indies) are the territories, colonies, and countries, former and current, of the Dutch Empire and the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean Sea. The islands of the Caribbean Netherlands enjoy a tropical climate with warm weather all year round. Name Abbr. The Netherlands is a European country, bordering Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and also France in the Caribbean, as both countries still have dominions in the area. Feb 4, 2016 - Old Canon in the Capital city of Kralendijk. Bonaire is an island of the ABC Caribbean Netherlands for stamps), but may also refer to all of the Caribbean islands within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Currently they comprise the constituent countries of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten; and the special municipalities of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. Geographical and political facts, flags and ensigns of Curaçao [18] For example, social security is not on the same level as it is in the European Netherlands. [36] The IANA has not established a root zone for the .bq Internet ccTLD and whether it will be used is unknown. The lively capital of Curacao is a welcoming, upbeat destination with two distinct historic districts divided by the lovely St. Anna Bay. [nb 3] In June 2008, the Dutch government published a survey of the legal and economic impacts by a switched status from OCT to outermost region (OMR). The islands of the Caribbean Netherlands first voted in the 2012 Dutch general election.[16]. Parts of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located in the Caribbean, For the integral territories of the constituent country of the Netherlands, see, Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1962), Islands Regulation of the Netherlands Antilles, "Waaruit bestaat het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden? Historic building in Oranjestad, capital of St. Eustatius, Statia, Netherland Antilles, West Indies, Caribbean, Central America Share Dissolve Folders with ease with our latest sharing tool. The latter split into the Island Territories Saba, Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten in 1983. National Office for the Caribbean Netherlands, special territories of the European Union, International Organization for Standardization, Identity cards of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Postage stamps and postal history of the Caribbean Netherlands, "Benoeming nieuwe regeringscommissaris en plaatsvervanger Sint Eustatius", https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/caribische-deel-van-het-koninkrijk/vraag-en-antwoord/waaruit-bestaat-het-koninkrijk-der-nederlanden, https://opendata.cbs.nl/statline/#/CBS/nl/dataset/83698NED/table?ts=1578654405815, "Invoeringswet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba", "Island guide Caribbean Netherlands – Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, Saba", "Nature Policy Plan The Caribbean Netherlands", Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands, "Besluit van 23 september 2010 tot vaststelling van het tijdstip van inwerkingtreding van de artikelen I en II van de Rijkswet wijziging Statuut in verband met de opheffing van de Nederlandse Antillen", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Verkiezingen Caribische graadmeter – Binnenland – Telegraaf.nl", "31.954, Wet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba", "Summary and conclusions – The Caribbean Netherlands five years after the transition", "Agreement on labor conditions Civil servants Rijksdienst Caribisch Nederland", "Mr. Isabella will be Kingdom Representative for the public entities Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba", "Schurende rechtsordes: Over juridische implicaties van de UPG-status voor de eilandgebieden van de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen)", "Economische gevolgen van de status van ultraperifeer gebied voor de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba / SEOR", "Tweede Kamer, vergaderjaar 2008–2009, 31700 IV, nr.3: Brief van de staatssecretaris van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties met het kabinetsstandpunt over de rapporten over de UPG status voor de eilandgebieden van de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba", "Kamerstuk 31954 nr.7: Regels met betrekking tot de openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba (Wet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba)", "Vijf jaar Caribisch Nederland: De werking van wetgeving", "Vijf jaar Caribisch Nederland: Werking van de nieuwe bestuurlijke structuur", "Vijf jaar Caribisch Nederland: Gevolgen voor de bevolking", "VIJFJAAR VERBONDE BONAIRE, SINT EUSTATIUS, SABA EN EUROPEES NEDERLAND (Rapport van de commissie evaluatie uitwerking van de nieuwe staatkundige structuur Caribisch Nederland)", Official website of the National Office for the Caribbean Netherlands, Official website of the government of Bonaire, Official website of the government of Saba, Official website of the government of St. Eustatius, Sovereign states and dependent territories, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caribbean_Netherlands&oldid=1002259422, Caribbean special municipalities of the Netherlands, States and territories established in 2010, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from March 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2010, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 16:02. The Netherlands proper is located in the European Union. Dutch brewers exported $2.1 billion worth of beer in 2019, with almost 40% going to US markets. The International Organization for Standardization has assigned the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code ISO 3166-2:BQ for these islands. Sint Maarten comprises approximately one half of the island of Saint Martin. Princess Juliana International Airport reopened in October 2017 and the cruise port reopened in December 2017. Capital: Port au Prince. In Dutch, Koralendijk (of which the name Kralendijk is a degeneration) means "coral reef" or "coral dike". Photo about Port in Kralendijk, capital city of Bonaire, island of the ABC Caribbean Netherlands. Kralendijk is the capital city and main port of the island of Bonaire in the Caribbean Netherlands. The three islands gained their current status following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010. Kralendijk is the capital city and main port of the island of Bonaire. † Physiographically, these are continental islands not a part of the volcanic Windward Islands arc. [nb 2] The Lisbon Treaty introduced a procedure where the European Council may change the status of an overseas territory of Denmark, France, or the Netherlands regarding the application of the EU treaties to that territory. [13] The island of Aruba is also a constituent country of the Kingdom located in the Caribbean. The population of the Caribbean Netherlands is 25,711. [14][15] Their total area is 328 square kilometres (127 sq mi). [22] This agency was established as the Regional Service Center in 2008 and became the National Office for the Caribbean Netherlands on 1 September 2010. The three islands gained their current status following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010. The population of the municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands according to census results and latest official estimates. . Per the Annex II of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. In that year Curaçao and Sint Maarten became autonomous constituent countries within the Kingdom (like Aruba); while Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba became special municipalities of the Netherlands proper. Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius (BES islands) Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius became part of the Netherlands as special municipalities after the Netherlands Antilles were disbanded in 2010. The official capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam. In Dutch, Koralendijk (of which the name Kralendijk is a degeneration) means "coral reef" or "coral dike". Utrecht. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Travelers will find shops, restaurants, and museums on Punda. The island is best known for its capital Willemstad, with its candy-colored Dutch colonial architecture lining a gorgeous bay. From left to right: Outlying territories of European countries. They are in the north and south-west of the long Lesser Antilles archipelago. However, the government is … Willemstad, the capital of Curaçao and the largest city in the Dutch Caribbean. Willemstad features building styles you’d find in the Netherlands, but painted in beautiful pastel shades. In Papiamentu, the town is often called Playa or "beach". Binnenhof - the Dutch Parliament in The Hague, Netherlands When it comes to determining the capital city of the Netherlands, the questions is not as easy to answer as it is for other countries. People who live in the Netherlands are called " Dutch ". 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